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- Principal-Only STRIPS Definition & Example | InvestingAnswers
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Book-Entry Procedure. What We Do Fedwire. Zeros sell at discounts from face value.
The difference between the purchase price of the zero and its face value when redeemed is the investor's return. Zeros can be purchased from private brokers and dealers, but not from the Federal Reserve or any government agency. Creating Zeros by Coupon Stripping Coupon stripping is the act of detaching the interest payment coupons from a note or bond and treating the coupons and the body as separate securities.
Each coupon, or interest payment, entitles its owner to a specified cash return on a specific date; the body of the security calls for repayment of the principal amount at maturity.
The body of the stripped securities and the separate coupons are known as "zero coupons" or "zeros" because there are no periodic interest payments on each instrument. After stripping, the body and coupons are sold at a discount from their face values. An owner benefits only from the difference between the purchase price and the payment received upon sale or at maturity. The result would be 41 separate zero-coupon instruments, each with its own maturity date.
Each of the 41 securities, now possessing a distinct ID number, could be traded separately until its maturity date at prices determined by the market.
Principal-Only STRIPS Definition & Example | InvestingAnswers
Stripped securities offered investors a financial instrument that had abundant supply, no default risk, and low incidence of being "called," or paid off, before their maturity date. However, their popularity raised fears within the Treasury Department that zeros would result in a sizable loss of tax revenues.
After purchase, an investor claimed a capital loss on the difference between the sale price of the security and its face value, thus reducing the investor's overall tax liability. You therefore create a set of zero-coupon securities with different maturities from a regular T - note or T - bond. Such securities have become known as strips.
Strips are zero-coupon bonds created from coupon bonds. Essentially, each coupon payment and the principal are traded as separate securities. For example, suppose that you want to earn the default - free yield to maturity for 2. Any Treasury note or bond can be reduced to a timeline that records the cash inflows to the owner of the security. Taken component by component, this T - note can be broken down into eight zero-coupon bonds with different maturities.
That is, the maturity and face value of each zero are as follows:.
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If claims could be issued against this T - note, the desired 2. The bond was placed in an irrevocable trust, and claims were issued against all coupon payments and face value. The advertised amount was the nominal value of all of the coupon payments and face value associated with the issue.
The term "strip" was not associated with this type of security until the Treasury officially sanctioned the practice. This program allowed registered dealers to resell individual interest and principal payments from selected T - notes and T - bond issues. This created an even more active strip market. Strips are quoted in the same way as T - notes and T - bonds. That is, if the ask price for a particular strip issue is Quotes also include the letters "ci", "np", or "bp" after the strip.
This indicates whether the face value of the strip is "coupon interest," a stripped Treasury "note principal," or a stripped Treasury bond principal. The Treasury sanctions only certain T - note and T - bond issues as qualifying for strips.